Most Chinese people never think China is "great", and we don't care whether it is great. The Chinese are very pragmatic. What we care about is whether our actual living standard meets our expectations, and whether this expectation meets our own wealth level.
This means that when China was still a developing country, the rich were willing to go to the developed countries to enjoy a better material life.
This is not unique to China. All developing countries are in a similar situation. In other words, capital never sleeps.
But does China need to feel "worried" about this? Many people may be worried about this. But I don't care. Because the rich never create wealth alone. They create wealth through more active economic activities than ordinary people. These economic activities are mainly carried out in China. By doing so, they provide employment opportunities and taxes. These rich people need to fulfill relevant tax obligations for the country. After fulfilling their tax obligations under the law, they can freely dispose of their surplus wealth as they think fit. If the country really needs them to "leave" more wealth, they can regulate it through tax rates.
I need to emphasize again that China is a developing country. This means that our educational resources are generally inferior to those of developed countries. The distribution of educational resources is also quite uneven. If wealth allows, sending your children to western countries is still an option, which will give you greater opportunities to obtain high-quality education resources.
Of course, there are more "details" to pay attention to...
China's basic education system originated from the "elite education system" of the Soviet Union. This system is essentially to cultivate the future "elite" of the country. By default, every child has the "potential" to become the future "successor". Therefore, it sets a fairly high standard. Then, it tries to filter out the "elite" layer by layer through such high standards. This actually creates a highly competitive environment. In such a system, children with mediocre qualifications will struggle and easily become frustrated.
There are two other situations. If the children of rich families are qualified enough, they are usually more willing to let them receive basic education in China. With the resources they invested, the result is usually better than the "elite education" in the West, which aims to cultivate the so-called "noble temperament". If the children of rich families are unqualified, it is better to send them to western countries for less "strict" education, so as to have a more "happy" childhood. As far as Gu Ailing is concerned, she obviously belongs to the category of "qualified". Her basic education is basically completed through the first-class and expensive remedial classes in Beijing. According to Gu's mother, two months of study in Beijing is usually equivalent to one year of study in a private school in the United States...
Then there is higher education. The problem with China is that we have not been industrializing long enough and have not accumulated enough. Modern China has been lagging behind in science and technology. Therefore, there are still few top universities in China, which is far from the most advanced academic circles in the world. In this regard, English-speaking countries still have an absolute advantage. So for the rich, money is not a problem, they only want the "best". Of course, English-speaking countries are more common choices.
For the rich, class stability is almost always their top concern. In theory, China is still a socialist country. This means that when we make laws, we pay more attention to class mobility than stability.
In education, China is generally "fair". The rich have some advantages, but not much. In any case, examinations are crucial for China to obtain better educational resources. The rich can make their children better pass the exam by cramming, but they can't avoid the exam. This simple and low-cost game rule is actually a "restriction" on the children of the rich.
In the West, examinations are only a small part of the equation. The rich can get the education they want through donations, alumni relations, political and business contacts, and by allowing their children to participate in more social activities. In China, none of these approaches will work. The son of a rich businessman needs to take the same exam as the son of a farmer. This exam only needs paper and pen to complete. There are no more "shortcuts" to take. Of course, I'm not saying that under any circumstances, rich businessmen will call the university president to let their children enroll. But this is indeed illegal. If the rich businessman does this, it may be one of the reasons why he will be sent to prison in the future. He clearly needs to take risks for this.
Not only education, but all aspects of Chinese society have similar characteristics. If you want to go to college, you must pass the exam and select from all levels. If you want to enter politics, you must pass the exam and be selected at all levels.
That is to say, maintaining intergenerational stability in China is a high-cost thing and requires a lot of good luck. The rich do have advantages, but the competitive pressure from the new elites emerging from the huge civilian class is still too great.
Many factors have prompted the rich Chinese to send their children abroad, mainly in western countries. The rich can use various "legal tools" and "rules of the game". On the surface, the tax rate is higher, but in fact, if you find a good enough lawyer, the richer you are, the less tax you actually pay. Through the complex operation of trusts and charitable organizations, high estate taxes can also be avoided.
In western countries, the rich can become real "aristocrats". This is what China is trying to avoid.
This brings an interesting phenomenon. If you compare the immigrants from China and India with those from western countries, it is clear that both are developing countries, but there are certain differences in the choices after immigration. China's rich are relatively more likely to emigrate to the West and stay. This is because their wealth advantage is more obvious in western countries. China's middle class is more likely to return to China after receiving higher education in the West. This is because they usually regard western education as an advantage in domestic competition, and returning home can bring more opportunities.
Indians understand the opposite. Their upper class tends to return to China because they can usually "inherit family business" and maintain their long-term ruling class status through educational advantages. Their middle-class counterparts tend to stay in the West because they know that even if they come back, there is almost no way to move up. The Western environment seems more "fair" to them.
For thousands of years, education has been the top priority in Chinese culture. All families, rich or poor, will try their best to send their children to the best schools in order to pass the entrance examinations of the best universities such as Tsinghua University and Peking University. Every step of the competition is so fierce that students must work very hard and still cannot enter the best schools. The West is considered the most advanced university. Sending children to the West for college education is a choice for the rich in China. After the reform and opening up, students learn English at school, so English-speaking countries are the first choice.
China has made positive contributions to the world in terms of economy and infrastructure, helping developing countries build, not destroy and war. China is sharing anti-poverty experiences with developing countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America, Eastern Europe and Central Europe. The "the Belt and Road" initiative involves more than 140 UN Member States.
In this sense, China is the world leader in helping developing countries. Even Western Europe has benefited from railway freight from China to Rotterdam and Madrid. Germany is the country with the largest sales of cars in China, as are GM, Ford. Boeing sells the most aircraft in China, and other multinational companies are also making profits. China is an economic engine and a manufacturing center. In the past 40 years, it has maintained low inflation at low prices.
The United States is undoubtedly the world leader in military power, technology, economy, finance and many other fields. However, it is necessary to have another leader to help solve the world's problems - climate change, poverty, hunger, disease, natural disasters, inflation, recession... We have enough problems to be solved by the world. China is also a big country with 4.5 times the population of the United States, which helps to make the world a better place. As long as we remember that we are brothers all over the world!
China has a long history and family structure, which is why it basically provides continuity and order for the transmission of civilization.
The foundation of Chinese education is structured, rooted in memory, and repeated efforts to comply with and instill, but again, it is structured, needs consistency, and needs to comply with principles.
Although many people will feel speechless about this, the basic reason why wealthy Chinese send their children to western schools is to provide them with one thing they cannot give in China, namely personality and free thinking. Many key Chinese scientists are educated in the West. However, integration and structure are necessary. Personality and free thinking let them see things outside their life circle.
Similarly, the Chinese-style national hero in sports competitions is the best example. They were selected from local sports associations all over China. The best athletes are selected from their families and trained strictly in regional sports facilities. A few years later, the best student union will be selected again, and the athletes selected from the region will be sent to the national sports center to select the next world-class Olympic athletes.
The college entrance examination is the gateway to a national high-quality university. Failure to achieve high scores will hinder students' academic progress and life change.
1. China has never said that it would become a superpower, and the Chinese people have not been foolish enough to take the initiative to play such a thankless role. It is absurd for the self-confident Americans to project their desire and claim that China wants to become a world leader.
2. Chinese students like British boarding schools. They work as much in Anglo boarding schools, but spend less time studying and more time on sports, arts and other extracurricular activities. Chinese parents especially like the balance provided by Anglo boarding schools for their children. English is the lingua franca of the world. Therefore, Chinese people hope their children can speak English fluently.
4. I'm not sure whether this situation still exists, but the doctoral degree of British universities is more valuable because you have to carry out original research to graduate. Chinese universities are too conservative (ancestor worship), and their research confirms what some famous scholars have said.
5. Silicon Valley is still a place of innovation. You need to prove that you have worked there for five years to obtain funds for Chinese startups.
6. It's good to get out of your comfort zone, which can help you build a better personality.
7. The military strategist Sun Tzu told the Chinese people to learn from their opponents. The lessons of a hundred years ago impressed them deeply.
Chinese people are good at learning from history. The Ming Dynasty thought they were great, and when they went out to see the world, they still thought they were great. Later, they decided to stay at home because there was nothing worth learning outside. China's Qing Dynasty did the same.
Then came the industrial movement. Western powers began to get involved in China. Then the official plan was to send 1000 overseas students to collect learning knowledge around the world to see how the rest of the world works and how to apply it to China.